Download Abortion. Statutes, Policies, and Public Attitudes the World by Rita J. Simon PDF

By Rita J. Simon

Abortion is without doubt one of the so much compelling public coverage matters dealing with govt and the general public within the usa this day. such a lot societies have enacted legislation and statutes concerning abortion, and such a lot societies have robust emotions relating to contraception and abortion. however the felony statutes and attitudes stick to markedly assorted ways. Simon examines how this factor is being confronted within the usa, Canada, a pattern of Western and japanese ecu nations, heart japanese, African, and Latin American societies, and, between Asian international locations, Japan, China, and India, besides Australia.

After a short old advent, Simon examines the felony statutes relating abortion within the chosen international locations after which experiences public attitudes towards abortion in accordance with responses to nationwide public opinion polls. She concludes through discussing the relationships among the legislation and statutes concerning abortion and the international locations' guidelines vis-^D`a-vis inhabitants progress and keep an eye on. Abortion is the 1st quantity in a chain that would research significant public coverage matters utilizing an explicitly comparative strategy. each one will function a instruction manual for college kids, researchers, and students, containing simple empirical info and finished references at the social factor or perform below examination.

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1 " - X - ~ 1 - X - X Argentina X X - Bolivia X X Brazil X Chile Colombia - -- Ecuador X Guyana X 1 South America Paraguay X X Peru X X Suriname X " Uruguay X X X Venezuela 1 X - X X X X X X X X X X X I 1 - - X x X X X X X X X X X X X - - -- - Northern America Canada United States OCEANIA Australia New Zealand X Melanesia Fiji X X X - New Guinea X X X - - Solomon Islands X -- Vanuata X X -- - -- -- - X - - - Marshall Islands X X X Nauru X - - - ~ - - -- Samoa X X X Tonga x " - .. 1 (continued) Tuvalu Permitted X - - - - - - 173 119 94 81 79 54 41 Not permitted 16 70 95 108 110 135 148 Total Countries 189 189 189 189 189 189 189 Note: X = abortion permitted; — = abortion prohibited.

The woman's husband must give his consent in writing and she must have the recommendation of two medical specialists. Violations may result in imprisonment for the woman of one year and a longer term for the physician involved. Israel Unlike the neighboring Arab and Islamic states, Israel permits abortions on the written request of women if they are approved by a committee of two physicians and a social worker. At the time of the establishment of the state in 1948, Israel adopted the British Act of 1861, which restricted the grounds on which an abortion could be obtained, and subjected a woman who induced her own abortion to serve years in prison.

For example, Webster v. Reproductive Health Service, 1989, barred the use of public-funded employees or buildings for abortions, and required abortion providers to conduct tests to determine whether a fetus t h a t was believed to be at least twenty weeks old was viable. In 1992, in its decision in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, the Court reaffirmed that a woman has a constitutional right to obtain an abortion prior to fetal viability and t h a t a state may prohibit an abortion thereafter only if it provides exceptions for endangerment to the woman's life or health.

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