By Russell H. Tuttle
The 1st significant and so much accomplished synthesis of effects from ecological, naturalistic behavioral, comparative mental, and humanoid language study on apes because the vintage paintings, the nice Apes, through Robert M. and Ada Yerkes in 1929. in response to greater than 1,360 references from clinical journals, monographs, symposium volumes, and different public resources, the booklet includes a wealth of present info at the taxonomy, ecology, postural and locomotive habit, traditional communications, and social habit of the apes. Topical discussions within the e-book are equipped to teach the level of growth, together with the advance of recent learn questions, and how our perspectives of apes have replaced as new details has develop into on hand on the grounds that 1929.
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Additional resources for Apes of the World: Their Social Behavior, Communication, Mentality and Ecology
Bonobos are confined to the highly humid and swampy (Phillips, 1959) forests of central Zaire, south and west of the Zaire and Lualaba Rivers and north of the Kasai River (Nishida, 1972a; MacKinnon, 1976; Badrian and Badrian, 1977; Kano, 1979, 1984a; van den Audenaerde, 1984; Figure 2a). While most observers agree that bonobos are generally less heavy than the common chimpanzees, Hill's statement (1969, p. 44) that the body weight of Pan paniscus is less than half that of Pan troglodytes surely exaggerates the diminuitive nature of the beast (Coolidge and Shea, 1982; Shea, 1983a, 1984b).
Colloquially, they have been called the beeloh, Kloss gibbon and dwarf siamang. Like the siamang, the species is monochromatically black. And it may possess a higher frequency of extensive webbing between the second and third toes than other species of 10 Apes of the World Hylobates do (Schultz, 1932, 1973). But here, really close resemblance to the siamang ceases. For instance, like other species of the subgenus Hylobates, H. klossii possess a diploid chromosome number of 44 (Hosli and Lang, 1970).
They are, in order of increasing popularity, Oreopithecus, Gigantopithecus, and Ramapithecus. Hiirzeler's (1958, 1968) suggestion that Oreopithecus bambolii, a chimpanzee-sized form (Straus, 1963) from late Miocene deposits in Tuscany, Italy, represents a stage in hominid evolution, has not been accepted. Indeed, some primatologists (Simons, 1972, p. 264; Delson, 1979) have been impressed by cercopithecoid affinities in the teeth and skeleton of Oreopithecus. Like certain monkeys of the New World, Oreopithecus might have developed postcranial skeletal features like those of extant apes via parallel evolution.