By Catherine Miller, Enam Al-Wer, Dominique Caubet, Janet C.E. Watson
Filling a spot within the literature at the moment to be had at the subject, this edited assortment is the 1st exam of the interaction among urbanization, language version and language swap in fifteen significant Arab towns. The Arab global provides very differing kinds and levels of urbanization, from good tested outdated capital-cities comparable to Cairo to new rising capital-cities corresponding to Amman or Nouakchott, those in flip embedded in several kinds of nationwide development. it's those city settings which elevate questions in regards to the dynamics of homogenization/differentiation and the methods of standardization as a result of the coexistence of competing linguistic versions. subject matters investigated contain: historical past of cost The linguistic impression of migration The emergence of latest city vernaculars Dialect convergence and divergence Code-switching, adolescence language and new city tradition Arabic within the Diaspora Arabic between non-Arab teams. Containing a extensive choice of case stories from around the Arab global and that includes contributions from best city sociolinguistics and dialectologists, this booklet offers a clean method of our figuring out of the interplay among language, society and area. As such, the e-book will attract the linguist in addition to to the social scientist normally.
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Additional resources for Arabic in the City (Routledge Arabic Linguistics)
2, Berlin, de Guyter. Kharouﬁ, M. (1995) “Urbanisation et recherche dans le monde arabe”, MOST Documents no. ) Larcher, P. (2006) “Sociolinguistique et histoire de l’arabe selon la muqaddima d’ibn Khaldûn (VIII/XIV siècle)”, in P. G. Borbone, A. Mengozzi and M. Tosco (eds) Loquentes Linguis: Studi linguistici e orientali in onore di F. A. Pennacchietti, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, pp. 431–441. Lentin, J. (1981) “Remarques sociolinguistiques sur l’arabe parlé à Damas”, unpublished thesis, Paris: Université Paris III, Sorbonne Nouvelle.
In the old established capital cities of Damascus and Cairo, the stabilization of the urban koine is considered to have occurred at an earlier period, probably the second part of the nineteenth century (Lentin 2006; Woidich 1994). Both countries have experienced a fairly high level of urbanization during the nineteenth century. Since that time, successive waves of migration have not seriously affected the development of the capital dialect and both Damascus Arabic and Cairo Arabic act as national standards.
The Arabian Peninsula and the Gulf witnessed considerable urbanization following the oil boom of the 1970s. In the Gulf States, this urbanization has reinforced long-standing contact with non-Arabic languages such as Hindi/Urdu, English, as well as with various Arabic dialects spoken by the native population or by the Arab expatriates (Holes 2006b). This has led to the formation of a Gulf Arabic Pidgin used between the Gulf speakers and the Asian migrants and to various degrees of leveling between the local dialects, even if the bedouin/sedentary distinction is still very noticeable.