By Joanna S. Smith
Dramatic social and political swap marks the interval from the tip of the overdue Bronze Age into the Iron Age (ca. 1300–700 BCE) around the Mediterranean. Inland palatial facilities of bureaucratic energy weakened or collapsed ca. 1200 BCE whereas entrepreneurial trade via sea survived or even increased, turning into the Mediterranean-wide community of Phoenician alternate. on the center of that method used to be Kition, one of many greatest harbor towns of historic Cyprus. past learn has prompt that Phoenician rule used to be validated at Kition after the abandonment of a part of its Bronze Age payment. A reexamination of Kition’s structure, stratigraphy, inscriptions, sculpture, and ceramics demonstrates that it was once now not deserted. This learn emphasizes the location and scale of pictures and the way they exhibit the improvement of financial and social keep an eye on at Kition from its institution within the 13th century BCE until eventually the advance of a centralized kind of executive through the Phoenicians, sponsored by means of the Assyrian king, in 707 BCE.
Uses a clean method of interpreting fiscal and social regulate in the course of the context and scale of important images
Features new images of fifty seven items and new drawings of fifteen items chanced on at Kition
Complete rereading of all Cypriot ceramics stumbled on there from the 13th century during the 7th century BCE
Read Online or Download Art and Society in Cyprus from the Bronze Age into the Iron Age PDF
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Extra resources for Art and Society in Cyprus from the Bronze Age into the Iron Age
Remains from other parts of Kition are useful for other aspects of this book's inquiry, but they do not contain widespread contextualized evidence for recording activities. TEXTILE WORKSHOP The western limit of the area excavated at Kition-Kathari was a washing and dyeing area with weaving and other textile-related activities from Floor IV through Floor II, with some continued activity in Floor I. It is one of the three earliest stone-built structures within the excavated area, along with the much 34 @I@ TEXTILE WORKSHOP larger building called Temple 2 and the smaller building called Temple 3 occupying space later called Temenos A/Room 16.
While it is certain that they have meaning, 59 they are found separated from the vessels of which they were parts, making their contextual significance unclear. Marks were usually made after the vessels were fired, separating them from the vessel-manufacturing process and making it more likely that they relate to quantity, contents, destination, or ownership. The exceptions are a spindle whorl with a possible V-shaped mark60 and one black, soft-stone pendant marked on the back with an X (Fig. 8).
In the Late Bronze Age, bronze styli meant for marking waxed surfaces of wooden or ivory tablets were used, at least in the eastern and southern parts of the island. 17 The pointed end of a stylus was used to write on the hollowed-out, wax-filled surface of a wooden or ivory writing board. The flat end was used to rub out mistakes or smooth the surface of the wax so that it could be reused for a new inscription. Having a metal tool was useful, for a warmed flat end would help smooth the surface by softening the wax.